Drug and Alcohol Abuse and Prevention Policy
Under the provisions of the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act Amendments of 1989, Public Law 101-226, the College for Creative Studies (CCS) must certify that it has adopted and implemented a program to prohibit the unlawful possession, use or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol by students on its property or as any part of its activities.
The unlawful use of drugs or alcohol is inconsistent with the behavior expected of members of the CCS community. CCS is committed to the development and maintenance of a drug-free environment on the campus. The College has a drug and alcohol abuse prevention system in operation and is committed to the further expansion of that system and the dissemination of drug awareness information to its students.
This policy applies to all students taking courses, both credit and non-credit courses, at the College for Creative Studies, including any and all programs located off sight.
Students in Overseas Programs
Students visiting foreign countries to attend academic programs overseas are reminded that they may be subject to arrest and legal sanctions for drug and alcohol offenses under the laws and regulations of that particular country or institution in addition to the judicial process of the College.
Distribution of Policy
A copy of this policy statement shall be distributed annually to all students and employees in a solely devoted email, posted on the College’s website, published in the Student Handbook.
Standards of Conduct: Alcohol Policy
Students and guests, regardless of age, are expected to refrain from the possession, consumption or transportation of alcoholic beverages while on any part of the campus or at College sponsored/supported events.
The use of alcoholic beverages will be permitted, for individuals 21 years of age or older, only within the approved designated area of events coordinated by the Office of Institutional Advancement or Executive Office.
Possession of an empty container of an alcoholic beverage will be dealt with as though the individual responsible for the empty container consumed the contents.
Standards of Conduct: Drug/Controlled Substance Policy
Students and guests are prohibited from using, possessing, transferring or selling any illegal drug, controlled substance, including over the counter substances, or related paraphernalia, including hookahs, while on any part of the campus or at College sponsored/supported events.
Guests, on campus or at College events, who are violating a College policy, may be asked to leave campus/the event and their CCS host will be held responsible for their guest’s actions.
The following terms are defined for the purposes of this policy and are important for purposes of expressing the College’s policy on a drug and alcohol-free environment:
College refers to the College for Creative Studies.
College activities includes programs affiliated with the College, including study-abroad programs, and any on-campus or off-campus event or function conducted, approved, sponsored or funded, in whole or in part, by the College or any officially recognized student organization.
College premises include all land, facilities, and other property in the possession of or owned, used or controlled by the College (including adjacent streets and sidewalks).
Controlled Substance means a controlled substance in schedules I through V of section 202 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 812), as further defined by regulations at 21 CFR 1300.11 through 1300.15.
Contract means a legal instrument reflecting a relationship between the federal government and a recipient whenever the principal purpose of the instrument is the acquisition by purchase, lease, or barter, of property or services for the direct benefit or use of the federal government; or whenever an executive agency determines in a specific instance that the use of a type of procurement contract is appropriate.
Conviction means finding of guilt (including a plea of nolo contendere) or imposition of sentence, or both, by any judicial body charged with the responsibility to determine violations of the federal or state criminal drug statutes.
Criminal drug statute means a federal or non-federal criminal statute involving the manufacture, sale, distribution, dispensation, use, or possession of any controlled substance.
Drug means any substance that has known mind or function altering effects on a person, including psychoactive substances prohibited or controlled by Federal and State laws.
Federal agency or agency means any United States executive department, military department, government corporation, government controlled corporation, or any other establishment in the executive branch, or any independent regulatory agency.
Guest means a person who is not a direct member of the College community, such as a student or employee.
Host means the person who is responsible for a guest being on campus or at a College event.
Illicit drug use means the use, manufacture, sale, distribution, dispensation, or possession of illegal drugs.
Over the Counter Substances means items that are available for purchase from retailers that do not need a prescription.
Prescribed Drug means any substance prescribed for use by a licensed medical practitioner.
Student means an individual registered or enrolled for a credit or non-credit course or program offered by the College.
Unlawful possession, use, manufacture, or distribution of alcohol or illicit drugs may also lead to a referral to the appropriate local, state, and/or federal authorities for prosecution for a misdemeanor or felony, depending on the nature of the offense. The sanctions for such offenses may include fines and/or imprisonment.
Penalties Under Detroit Law
The City of Detroit has a variety of sanctions that can be assigned to an individual for alcohol-related offenses depending on the nature of the violation. Sanctions include: incarceration, out-of-home placement, weekend intervention, probation, intensive probation, home detention, electronic home detention, license suspension/revocation, community service, restitution, victim-offender mediation, attendance at Victim Impact Panels, fines, emergency department visitation, education, and referral to treatment.
Penalties Under Michigan Law
The State of Michigan may impose a wide range of sanctions for alcohol-related offenses. For example, a first drunk driving offense may be punished by up to 90 days in jail, a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $500, suspended license for not less than six months nor more than two years, and up to 45 days of community service. Subsequent offenses can lead to significantly increased sanctions. The vehicle of a minor transporting alcohol may be impounded for up to 30 days. Furnishing or using fraudulent identification to obtain alcohol may be punished by up to 90 days in jail and a $100 fine.
On September 1, 1995, the Michigan Legislature expanded the law concerning minors and alcohol possession, consumption, and purchase. A minor is anyone under the age of 21. The minor may be required to submit to a preliminary chemical breath test and may be subject to suspension of his/her driver’s license even if he/she was not in an automobile at the time of the arrest. In addition, it is now a misdemeanor, not a civil infraction, for a minor to attempt to possess, consume, or purchase alcohol. If the underage person is less than 18 years of age, the agency charging him/her must notify the parents or guardian with 48 hours.
Penalties Under Federal Law
Conviction for possession of illicit drugs results in 1 to 3 years imprisonment and a minimum fine of $1,000, unless the offense involves cocaine base (crack) which may carry mandatory imprisonment for up to 5 to 20 years.
The severity of the sanctions imposed for both possession and distribution offenses depends on the type and quantity of drugs, prior convictions, and whether death or serious injury resulted. Sanctions may be increased for offenses which involve distribution to minors or occur on or near College premises. In addition, other federal laws require or permit forfeiture of personal or real property used to illegally possess, facilitate possession, transport or conceal a controlled substance. A person’s right to purchase a firearm or receive federal benefits, such as student loans, grants, contracts, or professional or commercial licenses, may be revoked or denied as a result of a drug conviction. Additionally, federal law mandates that any student who has been convicted of an offense under any federal or state law involving the possession or sale of a controlled substance shall not be eligible to receive any grant, loan, or work assistance during the period on the date of such conviction and ending after the interval specified.
The abuse of drugs and alcohol can lead to a variety of serious consequences including poor academic performance poor decision making poor morale work errors wasted time and materials damage to equipment fast tardiness absenteeism accident switch injure the drug abuser accidents which put employees in students at risk of injury and me bleed to display reaction prosecution illness and even death abusers of the substances experience depression isolation loss of memory loss of coordination impaired judgment reduced morale anxiety paranoia and loss of self-respect.
Outlined below is a listing of drugs of abuse and their health risks. For more information regarding health risks and effects of alcohol and other drugs, please visit the following websites:
- U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration
- Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention www.higheredcenter.org
Alcohol (beer, wine, or liquor) has a high potential for physical and psychological dependence as well as resulting in increased tolerance. Possible effects include impaired memory, slurred speech, drunken behavior, slow onset, vitamin deficiency, and organ damage. Overdose may result in vomiting, respiratory depression, loss of consciousness, and possible death. Withdrawal may include trembling, anxiety, insomnia, vitamin deficiency, confusion, hallucinations, and convulsions.
Cannabis includes marijuana, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and hashish or hashish oil. All may result in moderate psychological dependence with THC resulting in physical dependence. Tolerance can develop in all forms. Possible effects include euphoria, relaxed inhibitions, increased appetite, and disorientation. Overdose may result in fatigue, paranoia, and possible psychosis. Withdrawal may occasionally result in insomnia, hyperactivity, and decreased appetite.
Hallucinogens (including MDMA, LSD, Phencyclidine, and others) are less likely to result in physical dependence, with the exception of phencyclidines and analogs, and vary in terms of psychological dependence, ranging from none to moderate (MDMA) to high (phencyclidine and analogs). Tolerance can develop. Possible effects include heightened senses, teeth grinding, and dehydration (MDMA and analogs) and hallucinations, altered perception of time and distance in other types of hallucinogens. Overdose may result in increased body temperature and cardiac arrest for MDMA and more intense episodes for LSD. Some hallucinogens may result in muscle aches and depression when in withdrawal (MDMA) or may result in drug seeking behavior.
Inhalants (including amyl and butyl nitrite, nitrous oxide, and others) vary in their level of psychological dependence, with less known about their potential for physical dependence and tolerance. Possible effects may include flushing, hypotension, and headache, impaired memory, slurred speech, drunken behavior, slow onset, vitamin deficiency, and organ damage. Overdose may result in methemoglobinemia, vomiting, respiratory depression, loss of consciousness, and possible death. Withdrawal may result in agitation, trembling, anxiety, insomnia, vitamin deficiency, confusion, hallucinations, and convulsions.
Narcotics (including heroin, morphine, hydrocodone, oxycodone, codeine, and others) have a high potential for both physical and psychological dependence as well as resulting in increased tolerance. The possible effects of using narcotics include euphoria, drowsiness, respiratory depression, constricted pupils, and nausea. Overdose may result in shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, coma, and death. Withdrawal may include irritability, tremors, panic, nausea, chills, and sweating.
Other depressants (including GHB or liquid ecstasy, valium, xanax, ambien, and barbituates) have a potential for both physical and psychological dependence as well as resulting in increased tolerance. The possible side effects include slurred speech, disorientation, appearance of intoxication, and impaired memory. Overdose may result in shallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma and possible death. Withdrawal may include anxiety, insomnia, tremors, delirium, convulsions, and possible death.
Stimulants (including cocaine, methamphetamine, and methylphenidate) have a possible risk of physical dependence and high risk for psychological dependence. Tolerance can develop in all stimulants. The possible side effects include increased alertness, excitation, euphoria, increased pulse rate and blood pressure, insomnia, and decreased appetite. Overdose may result in agitation, increased body temperature, hallucinations, convulsions, and possible death. Withdrawal may result in apathy, long periods of sleep, irritability, depression, and disorientation.
Student Assistance Programs
All students are encouraged to seek early help if they feel they have a problem with drugs and/or alcohol, and to learn how to assist others with substance abuse problems. With early assistance it is less likely that serious consequences will result from an alcohol or drug problem.
The College offers the following drug and alcohol abuse services:
Information and Referral
All students are eligible to consult with the professional staff of the Wellness Center; personal counselors and/or health care professional, regarding the availability of drug abuse assistance programs. Drug and alcohol abuse counseling and rehabilitation program referrals are made to mutual help organizations, private hospitals, public treatment programs, and private drug treatment practitioners.
Individuals are seen on a short-term basis for assistance with drug-related problems. However, it is likely that students will be referred out for alcohol and drug dependence. This service is available to students at no charge.
For friends, relatives and domestic partners who are coping with a loved one’s alcohol or drug use.
Drug Free Detroit
Penalties for Violation of the Policy/College Sanctions
When a student is found responsible for violating the Drug Policy and/or Alcohol Policy of the College, their case will be evaluated and an appropriate sanction will be implemented.
The sanctions described are minimum sanctions and do not limit the disciplinary power of the College in any matter involving Code of Conduct violations.
A Warning is a written notification that a particular action is not acceptable.
Disciplinary Probation is a formal written notice that a student is in poor judicial standing with the College.
Loss of College Housing Eligibility (if applicable) is the termination of a student’s admissibility to live in College housing.
Suspension is the termination of an individual’s status as a student, with the loss of all rights and privileges, for a specific time period.
Dismissal is the permanent termination of an individual’s status as a student, with the loss of all rights and privileges.
Community Service Hours is a required number of hours to be worked in unpaid College or public service within a specific period of time.
Educational Project is a project that is focused on educating the student about a particular issue.
Review of Policy, Program and Disciplinary Consistency
Biennially, the Student Affairs Office staff shall review this policy and its programs to:
- determine the effectiveness of the program and implement needed changes;
- determine number of drug and alcohol related violations and fatalities that occur and are reported to campus officials;
- determine number and type of sanctions imposed; and
- ensure consistency of sanction enforcement.
Results from each biennial review are recorded and available to the Department of Education and to the public upon request from the Dean of Students.
Drug and alcohol-related policy violations and fatalities are reported via the college’s Security Report.